Annotated Bibliography Annotated Bibliography The research question for my paper is: Will the implementation of smoking bans help to better society as a whole? I chose to research this topic because, as everyone knows, smoking is very unhealthy. I am against people smoking in public due to the harms that it inflicts upon others who choose to be smoke-free, since cigarette smoke first and secondhand is correlated with many serious health issues.
Subscribe Table of contents Introduction Smoking in the midth century was ubiquitous in Australia, as in other Western countries. Inmore than three out of every four men and one in every four women were regular smokers.
First was the advent of television in the late s, which brought an avalanche of advertisements for cigarettes into the lounge rooms of Australian families, 17 and distracted from concerns about cancer with images of European sophistication, American-style affluence and Australian sunshine and fun that resonated with the optimism and aspirations of a generation wanting to build a new life after two long decades of war and Depression.
A new breed of advertising men in the United States, Britain and Australia helped tobacco companies to side-step the health issue with appeals to emotion combined with reassuring, if vague allusions to filters and reductions in 'tar'. They attempted with only moderate success to enlist doctors to warn people about the dangers of smoking.
Health educators and psychologists stepped in to work out how best to discourage children from experimenting with cigarettes, and to try to help smokers to shake off the grip of their tobacco habits. Much was learnt about smoking as an addiction and about the process of smoking cessation.
Brochures were produced 20 and courses were run by bodies such as the state Cancer Councils and the Seventh Day Adventist Church.
However, giving up smoking during the s was seen in much the same category as becoming a vegetarian or a tee-totaller, and little dent was made in smoking rates in the face of the powerful commercial forces that continued to promote cigarettes.
Medical groups continued to press governments to restrict the promotion of tobacco products, and to discourage their use on a wider scale. A discreet faint gold-lettered warning about smoking being a health hazard appeared on cigarette packs inand direct cigarette advertisements were banished from television in the mids.
However, the cultural dominance of tobacco was barely disturbed. Budgets for TV shifted from advertising to sponsorship of sport, which continued to allow tobacco products to be promoted through television, and may have entrenched smoking even more deeply into the Australian psyche. Advertisements for cigarette products—forced to move to the print media—could then be tailored specifically to the readership of particular newspapers and magazines, including those intended for young women.
Advertisements on billboards and outside shops signalled that tobacco was still a prominent part of every-day life.
Smoking was allowed in all but the most fire-prone public buildings and several tobacco company executives received knighthoods for their services to the business community. It wasn't until the early s, however, that governments and cancer councils seriously began to challenge the power of the tobacco companies through the mass media and in popular culture.
Public support for the 'Quit' initiative emboldened governments to seriously consider, and to start to enact recommendations from international health agencies to ban all forms of promotion of tobacco products, 25 to mandate prominent health warnings, 26 and to raise taxes on tobacco products with the dual objectives of making smoking less affordable and generating additional funds for expanded social marketing efforts and to replace tobacco sponsorship of sport.
Unknown Tobacco control hits its stride Quit campaigns were underway in all states and territories by the late s, sharing advertising materials and running a national phone line to advise and support people quitting smoking.
Health education in schools remained a major theme but was complemented with more vigorous efforts to stop retailers from selling cigarettes to children—refer Chapter 5.
During the late s and early s, concerns about the health effects of exposure to other people's smoking 28 —see Chapter 4 —led to the progressive restriction of smoking in more and more workplaces. Smoking rates resumed their downward trend.
Taxes on large packets of cigarettes increased substantially inwith further increases associated with implementation of Australia's Goods and Services Tax between June and February —see Chapter Governments continued to chip away at remaining forms of promotion, with all states outlawing advertising of products at point of sale in the early s and then, towards the end of the decade, outlawing the display of products altogether—see Chapter 11, Section In honor of National Recovery Month, Oregon State Hospital patients and staff participated in Hands Across the Bridge, an event that "spreads hope and shows people recovery is possible."Check out our Addictions and Behavioral Health Services page for resources and help.
Oregon Health Plan (OHP) members must update their information to make sure they still qualify for health coverage. Members are usually asked to renew their information once a .
issues. Particularly, smoking has been associated with increased risk of acute respiratory illnesses (ARIs). Literature indicates that lesbian, gay, and bisexual (i.e., sexual minority) persons smoke more than the general population. Additionally, young adulthood is the second-most prevalent period of smoking uptake.
It starts out telling teens how once you start its very hard to give it up. After that it tells the health effects of smoking. It also explains how smoking other things like hookahs and e-cigarettes are still unhealthy and dont do exactly what they say.
It ends teeling teens basically to stop smoking and ways to help people to stop smoking. Dec 12, · Article, “Smoking, ban in public places” () lists pros, and cons of smoking bans in public areas—pros, including improving the overall health of the public and encouraging people to stop smoking; and cons, stating that bans will encourage people to smoke more at home, putting their families at risk, or that smoking bans .
Tobacco control hits its stride. Quit campaigns were underway in all states and territories by the late s, sharing advertising materials and running a national phone line to advise and support people quitting smoking.