When printing this page, you must include the entire legal notice. This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission. Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use. APA American Psychological Association style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences.
Different types of information about your study are addressed in each of the sections, as described below.
General formatting rules are as follows: Do not put page breaks in between the introduction, method, results, and discussion sections.
The title page, abstract, references, table sand figure s should be on their own pages. The entire paper should be written in the past tense, in a point font, double-spaced, and with one-inch margins all around.
Title page see sample on p. On the title page, the header should include the following: The running head is a short title that appears at the top of pages of published articles. It should not exceed 50 characters, including punctuation and spacing. If you make a section break between the title page and the rest of the paper you can make the header different for those two parts of the manuscript.
Flush right, on same line: Use the toolbox to insert a page number, so it will automatically number each page. Abstract labeled, centered, not bold No more than words, one paragraph, block format i. Provide overview of method, results, and discussion.
A good introduction will summarize, integrate, and critically evaluate the empirical knowledge in the relevant area s in a way that sets the stage for your study and why you conducted it. The introduction starts out broad but not too broad!
Here are some guidelines for constructing a good introduction: Try to draw your reader in by saying something interesting or thought-provoking right off the bat.
Which ones captured your attention right away? How did the authors accomplish this task? See if you can use articles you liked as a model. One way to begin but not the only way is to provide an example or anecdote illustrative of your topic area. Your intro should be a logical flow of ideas that leads up to your hypothesis.
Try to organize it in terms of the ideas rather than who did what when. Then Gurglehoff did something-or-other in Next, decide which ideas make sense to present first, second, third, and so forth, and think about how you want to transition between ideas. The introduction will end with a brief overview of your study and, finally, your specific hypotheses.
This hypothesis makes complete sense, given all the other research that was presented. Certainly you want to summarize briefly key articles, though, and point out differences in methods or findings of relevant studies when necessary.
DO NOT quote from the articles, instead paraphrase by putting the information in your own words. Be careful about citing your sources see APA manual.
Remember that your audience is the broader scientific community, not the other students in your class or your professor. Therefore, you should assume they have a basic understanding of psychology, but you need to provide them with the complete information necessary for them to understand the research you are presenting.
Method labeled, centered, bold The Method section of an APA-style paper is the most straightforward to write, but requires precision. Your goal is to describe the details of your study in such a way that another researcher could duplicate your methods exactly.
Note that in some studies e. Remember to write numbers out when they begin a sentence. How were the participants recruited?
Were they compensated for their time in any way? Combine information into a longer sentence when possible. Materials labeled, flush left, bold Carefully describe any stimuli, questionnaires, and so forth. It is unnecessary to mention things such as the paper and pencil used to record the responses, the data recording sheet, the computer that ran the data analysis, the color of the computer, and so forth.(Informally Published or Self-archived Work, Manual, p.
) Individual web page. Since web pages and documents are similar to print, references to them include the same elements such as author, date, title, etc. Note that proper names and acronyms are capitalized. This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission.
Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use. APA Sample Paper. BibMe Free Bibliography & Citation Maker - MLA, APA, Chicago, Harvard. Introduction to APA Publication.
Style for Research Reports in Psychology. This paper is designed to help you understand the formatting and organization of an APA style research report. Each section of the report is described in its appropriate location within the report.
The first section of the main text of the report is the Introduction.
|Purpose of Guide||Visit site An outline might be formal or informal. An informal outline working outline is a tool helping an author put down and organize their ideas.|
|Build a bibliography or works cited page the easy way||Click a question below to see the answer What is APA style? I must write a paper in APA style including citations and references.|
|APA - APA Citation Style, 6th edition - Research Guides at George Washington University||If an entry does not have a byline, begin the reference with the entry title and publication date. In Encyclopedia of chemical technology 4th ed.|
|Helpful Tip!||The structure of an APA research paper Throughout the course of our studies, we have all read a lot of literature reviews or scientific papers, those whose methodological standard we could have learned from and improved and others that make us wonder how they ever made it through the peer- review process of the journal. Nevertheless, we have to admit that we all still make mistakes and sometimes submit manuscripts that do not match APA guidelines.|
|The structure of an APA research paper – JEPS Bulletin||Bibliography Purpose of Guide This guide is intended to help students organize and write a quality research paper for classes taught in the social and behavioral sciences.|
This research was supported by National Science Foundation Grant BCS Sample One-Experiment Paper (The numbers refer to numbered older adults spend proportionately more time processing positive emotional material and less time processing negative emotional material.
Studies examining the influence of emotion on. An APA Research Paper Model Thomas Delancy and Adam Solberg wrote the following research paper for a psychology class.
As you review their paper, read the side notes and examine the.