February When we were in junior high school, my friend Rich and I made a map of the school lunch tables according to popularity.
Jean and Paul Ulen and the Slade School Legacy in Cleveland By Christopher Bedford and Marianne Berardi Of Drawn together essay many celebrated figures whose works fall under the collective banner of "Cleveland School," almost all honed the tools of their trade in the art schools and academies of Europe.
There was, however, a concurrent and opposing school of thought active in Cleveland, which exerted a considerable influence on many artists in the region and beyond. Jean and Paul Ulen, two leading Cleveland art instructors from the 's through the 's, developed this alternative to the deep-rooted Cleveland School aesthetic by looking to England for their inspiration.
Rejecting the influence of European-derived modernism in favor of a return to the studious realism of the Old Masters, the Ulens emulated those figures celebrated for their line, such as Ingres, the artists of the early Renaissance, and most directly, contemporary British draftsmen still laboring under the influence of the Pre-Raphaelites.
How and why the Ulens' cool, meticulous brand of realism succeeded in influencing generations of Cleveland artists is a remarkable story of dogged persistence, and unwavering belief in the rightness of their artistic choices and the high purpose of their calling.
The impact they made, especially in the wake of modernism and the persistent influence of moody romanticism, becomes all the more moving and unexpected given their quite ordinary platform-a pair of classrooms in a technical high school on the west side of Cleveland. The only child of wealthy, well-educated parents of Bohemian and Scottish ancestry, she grew up in an environment of fine things-rooms furnished with the late Victorian Rorimer-Brooks furniture held in high esteem in Cleveland, and most specifically a large library of books that stimulated her lifelong passion for reading.
She apparently dropped "Margaret" during her second year of art school, referring to herself thereafter as "Jean. She graduated with a degree in "Pictorial Art," although her transcript reveals that she focused on coursework associated with an "Illustration" major during her third year. Paul Veronese Ulen July 7, - March 7,seven years her senior, was born in the small south-central Ohio town of Frankfort and raised in Dayton.
In contrast with Jean's upbringing, Paul Ulen's was far less privileged. His father was a railroadman who died when Paul was in his early twenties.
His mother, Eleanor Buckley, worked for years as a postmistress to supplement the family income, while Paul and his brother Harold worked odd jobs.
Following his graduation from Stivers High School in Dayton, where he was awarded athletic honors in football, baseball and basketball, he played two years of professional football for the Dayton Oakwoods, one of the old professional leagues predating the inauguration of the NFL.
He recalled to his son Ian with considerable pride that he once played against Jim Thorpe of the Canton Bulldogs.
At the end of his football career, Paul worked for five years as a commercial artist with various Dayton firms, including the Dayton Daily News, and then attended the Cleveland School of Art from to Both studied art history all four years with Henry Turner Bailey, the Boston-born director of the school, to whom Jean wrote extensive and revealing letters from Paris and London during her scholarship year abroad.
Jean and Paul married in December of and would remain dedicated partners for the rest of their lives. The month they were married Paul began teaching at West Technical High School on Cleveland's west side where, at the time, the school was becoming one of the largest high schools in Ohio.
A few exceptions, fortunately preserved in the permanent collection of the Cleveland Artists Foundation, provide a valuable look at the Ulens' starting point as draftsmen. Their works share the bold graphic emphasis typically found in the work of many Cleveland School artists, notably that of Henry Keller, Frank Wilcox and Paul Travis.
Rendered with soft, blunt sticks of graphite, they express shape and gesture primarily through roughly blocked in areas of light and shade. In May oftwenty-two-year-old Jean Ulen received the prestigious Gottwald Traveling Scholarship award based on the strength of two portraits in oil painted from life.
The two small bust-length likenesses of a man and a woman are sensitive character studies of different personality and physical types.
Despite her success with this genre of portrait painting, it appears that Jean Ulen never returned to this specific style of oil portraiture. Oddly, Jean Ulen's work as a painter in oil seems to have peaked at this very early stage of her career. Uninterested in modernist discourse, by the time of their graduation, the Ulens sought out a program of study abroad that focused on their primary areas of artistic strength and interest-precise draftsmanship, life drawing, and portrait painting.
One natural option lay in the art schools of England, where drawing was the primary if not exclusive emphasis. The First Trip to England Jean Ulen began her English art training at the Royal Academy, London, the most august academic institution in Britain for the study of art and a school with notoriously stringent admittance policies.
She trained there for three months October through December while Paul took classes at the Slade School through the generosity of his mother-in-law, who also incurred the lion's share of the couple's expenses while they lived abroad.
In her first letter to the director of the Cleveland School of Art, Henry Turner Bailey, written within a few weeks of their arrival on October 18,Jean provides an extensive account of the Royal Academy experience where there was little direction: I have been accepted as a probationer in the Royal Academy schools.
My choice of the Royal Academy in preference to the Slade School was formed after the Registrar at Slade told me that the girls classes were uncomfortably crowded.Better Essays words ( pages) Essay about Students' Perceptions on Parenting Styles - Introduction Parenting is a complex job that requires many different skills that work together to influence a child’s behavior.
Drawn Together ( – ) is an adult animated Comedy Central television show that spoofs reality TV shows, especially The Real World and The Surreal Life. Contents 1 Season 1. Because of the opposite charges attract, the water molecules are drawn together.
When an oxygen atom is linked to a molecule's hydrogen atom, a bond called a hydrogen bond is formed (Kirk ). There are several types of water molecule such as liquid water, ice and water vapor.
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