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An initial cantoserving as an introduction to the poem and generally considered to be part of the first cantica, brings the total number of cantos to It is generally accepted, however, that the first two cantos serve as a unitary prologue to the entire epic, and that the opening two cantos of each cantica serve as prologues to each of the three cantiche.
Additionally, the verse scheme used, terza rimais hendecasyllabic lines of eleven syllableswith the lines composing tercets according to the rhyme scheme aba, bcb, cdc, ded, Written in the first person, the poem tells of Dante's journey through the three realms of the dead, lasting from the night before Good Friday to the Wednesday after Easter in the spring of Beatrice was a Florentine woman whom he had met in childhood and admired from afar in the mode of the then-fashionable courtly love tradition, which is highlighted in Dante's earlier work La Vita Nuova.
Within each group of 9, 7 elements correspond to a specific moral scheme, subdivided into three subcategories, while 2 others of greater particularity are added to total nine.
For example, the seven deadly sins of the Catholic Church that are cleansed in Purgatory are joined by special realms for the Late repentant and the excommunicated by the church.
The core seven sins within Purgatory correspond to a moral scheme of love perverted, subdivided into three groups corresponding to excessive love LustGluttonyGreeddeficient love Slothand malicious love WrathEnvyPride. This exile, which lasted the rest of Dante's life, shows its influence in many parts of the Comedy, from prophecies of Dante's exile to Dante's views of politics, to the eternal damnation of some of his opponents.
Inferno Dante The poem begins on the night before Good Friday in the year"halfway along our life's path" Nel mezzo del cammin di nostra vita. Dante is thirty-five years old, half of the biblical lifespan of 70 Psalms Conscious that he is ruining himself and that he is falling into a "low place" basso loco where the sun is silent 'l sol taceDante is at last rescued by Virgil, and the two of them begin their journey to the underworld.
Each sin's punishment in Inferno is a contrapassoa symbolic instance of poetic justice ; for example, in Canto XX, fortune-tellers and soothsayers must walk with their heads on backwards, unable to see what is ahead, because that was what they had tried to do in life: Upper Hell, outside the city of Dis, for the four sins of indulgence lustgluttonyavariceanger ; Circle 7 for the sins of violence; and Circles 8 and 9 for the sins of malice fraud and treachery.
Added to these are two unlike categories that are specifically spiritual: Limbo, in Circle 1, contains the virtuous pagans who were not sinful but were ignorant of Christ, and Circle 6 contains the heretics who contradicted the doctrine and confused the spirit of Christ.
The Mountain is on an island, the only land in the Southern Hemispherecreated by the displacement of rock which resulted when Satan's fall created Hell  which Dante portrays as existing underneath Jerusalem . The mountain has seven terraces, corresponding to the seven deadly sins or "seven roots of sinfulness.
It is also drawn primarily from Christian theology, rather than from classical sources. Love, a theme throughout the Divine Comedy, is particularly important for the framing of sin on the Mountain of Purgatory. While the love that flows from God is pure, it can become sinful as it flows through humanity.
Humans can sin by using love towards improper or malicious ends WrathEnvyPrideor using it to proper ends but with love that is either not strong enough Sloth or love that is too strong LustGluttonyGreed. Below the seven purges of the soul is the Ante-Purgatory, containing the Excommunicated from the church and the Late repentant who died, often violently, before receiving rites.
Thus the total comes to nine, with the addition of the Garden of Eden at the summit, equaling ten.The torments that sinners are subjected to in Dante's Inferno may seem extreme to modern readers, however, throughout the poem it becomes clear that there is balance in God's justice and each sinner suffers to a degree befitting the gravity of their sins.
An extraordinary new verse translation of Dante’s masterpiece, by poet, scholar, and lauded translator Anthony Esolen Of the great poets, Dante is one of the most elusive and therefore one of the most difficult to adequately render into English verse.
The “Inferno” is only the first part of Dante’s Masterpiece “The Divine Comedy”, and it is in this journey through Hell where Dante realizes the perfection of God’s justice, he will later experience in Heaven Divine Grace from God himself. Inferno by Dante Alighieri. Home / Literature / Inferno / Quotes / Justice ; Here, Hell’s makers are listed as Justice, Divine Authority, Wisdom, and Love.
This means that despite the cruel and unusual nature of the sinners’ punishments, they are just and even spring from love.
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In Dante’s Inferno, justice is not merely cruel and unusual punishment designed to elicit cheap shock from onlookers (although it does that, too). Inferno portrays God’s justice as springing from primal love, and thus is conditioned with compassion, however difficult it may be to recognize.